There are almost as many dog breeds as there are stars in the sky. In fact, dogs are quicker to evolve new characteristics than almost any other animal. There are many types of dogs. They range from over a few pounds to over a hundred pounds. In the United States, the group that officially recognizes a dog breed is the American Kennel Club Society. They also handle certifying the heredity of your dog.
Types of Breeds
- Herding Group: This group of dogs is most well known for it’s ability to manipulate other animals. Members of this group traditionally worked on the farm and have a natural tendency to manipulate people to where the dog wants to be.
- Working Group: Dogs that don’t fit into the Herding Group, but still performed some sort of useful task for their owners fit into this group. They tend to run large in size and many are high energy.
- Toy Group: The Toy Group is another group of dogs that was bread for the amusement of it’s owners as it primary reason for existence.
- Hound Group: These dogs traditionally were used for hunting. They have a keen sense of smell and decent stamina. They are the only group that has dogs who produce the baying sound, which is unique to them.
- Non-Sporting Group: The Non-Sporting Group is almost like a general bucket that the AKC uses to bunch a ton of different dogs into. There really aren’t standard actions, such as baying that unites all of them.
- Sporting Group: These dogs were often used for hunting. They tend to be playful, requiring much exercise.
- Terrier Group: These dogs are often small and tenacious. Some of the most popular dog breeds fit into this group.
What about Mutts?
There are many wonderful dog breeds recognized by the AKC. Generally, a new dog breed is made by breeding an existing breed for the desired characteristic that the breeder is going for. The benefit to buying a purebred dog is that you’ll be able to know exactly what you’ll get in regards to the breed size, temperament, life expectancy, and potential health issues. When you get a mutt, you’ll generally be saving money since you won’t be buying a designer dog. Many purebred breeds will have genetic defects. Typically the mutt will also have fewer health issues, as the two mating breeds will breed these issues out. You will have a bit more of a gamble when it comes to the dogs personality. This is where the purebred has the definitive advantage. You’ll be able to know exactly what to expect out of your dog. If you do happen to know what the parents breeds were, you can reasonably expect to have some combination of those personalities.